Early in 1768, Prince Edward Island, then known as St. Johnís Island , was
established as a separate Province. In May of that year, the Hon. Michael
Francklin,* then Lieut. Governor of Nova Scotia , instructed the Chief Surveyor ,
Hon. Charles Morris, to proceed to the Island to lay out the ground on which its
capital, the town of Charlottetown was to be built. Francklin at the same time
appointed Isaac Deschamps, the First Justice of the Court of Common Pleas and
Superintendent for the new Province. Deschamps, of Swiss extraction, had early
come to Nova Scotia and in 1768 was one of the Justices of the Peace for the
Court of Common Pleas in Kings County.** He was in 1785 appointed Chief Justice
of Nova Scotia.
*Hon, Michael Francklin
came to Nova Scotia from England about 1752 and soon became one of the lading
merchants and traders in Halifax . He was made Lieut. Gov. in 1766 and
retained this office till 1776. He was afterwards Commissioner of Indian Affairs
for Nova Scotia and is generally given great credit for controlling the Nova
Scotia Indians during the War of the Revolution.